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4 Facts You Need to Know about Gum Disease

19 March 2024

Asian woman in the dark blue shirt holding a paper with the periodontal and gingivitis cartoon picture of his mouth against the gray background, Decayed tooth, The concept with healthcare gums and teeth

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common oral health condition that impacts millions of people worldwide. According to Government sources, more than 45% of adults in the UK are currently being affected by the condition. Despite how common it is, many individuals are unaware of the risks associated with gum disease and how it can impact their overall health. So, to help you better understand this condition, here are four essential facts you should know.

Gum Disease is Preventable

With proper oral hygiene habits and regular dental care, periodontal disease is largely preventable. Brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist for routine check-ups are crucial steps in prevention.

Gum Disease Can Lead to Serious Health Problems

As published on Mayo Clinic, it’s been linked to various health problems, such as:

  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Respiratory infections
  • Alzheimer’s disease

The bacteria associated with gum disease can enter the bloodstream and travel to other parts of the body, potentially causing inflammation and contributing to the development of these conditions.

Symptoms Can be Hard to Spot

The early stages of gum disease may not cause noticeable symptoms, which make it challenging to detect without seeing a dentist. As the condition progresses, common signs and symptoms may include red, swollen, or bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, receding gums, and loose or shifting teeth. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to go see a dentist as quickly as possible to prevent further damage to your gums and teeth.

There are Three Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease typically progresses through three main stages: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis is the mildest form of and is characterised by gum inflammation and bleeding. Gingivitis can advance to periodontitis, where the infection spreads below the gumline and damages the supporting structures of the teeth. Advanced periodontitis causes irreversible damage, such as tooth loss and severe oral health complications.

By understanding the risks of gum disease and taking proactive steps to maintain healthy gums will help maintain optimal oral hygiene and reduce the risk of future health complications. If you have any concerns, don’t hesitate to get in touch with your dentist.


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